Covid-19 Global Pandemic Emergency – Muslim Aid USA

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Covid-19 Global Pandemic Emergency

Muslim Aid Global Coronavirus Response

Muslim Aid USA staff, like you, are carefully following the COVID-19 pandemic and what it means for our people, partners, and programs. We wanted to give you an update on our global strategy.

The first cases of COVID-19 related pneumonia were detected in December 2019. Since then, the global number of ‘known’ cases have increased exponentially to 207,855 across 166 countries, with over 8000 deaths. On March 11, 2020, The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus outbreak to be a pandemic, making it clear that this crisis is global and requires a global response by institutions and individuals.

Muslim Aid (MA), as an institution committed to serving humanity, will participate in this global effort to protect the most vulnerable members of our communities both in the United States and globally. MA is mobilizing its committed staff, partners, and volunteers and utilizing its strong relationship with communities and governments built over its three decades of service to support this global effort.

The issue:

The novel coronavirus pandemic is currently causing even countries with robust healthcare systems to be strained to its limits and beyond. These systems are struggling to provide the testing facilities, beds, ventilators, and medical staff to meet needs. Serious measures need to be taken to stem the rate at which COVID-19 spreads to ensure healthcare capacities can cope. Known cases outside of Europe, China, and the US constitute less than a quarter of the total cases thus far, but this is expected to change rapidly as testing capabilities improve through efforts made by national governments and WHO. MA works in countries where people are highly vulnerable and facing climatic crises such as droughts and floods, conflict, internal displacements, and refugee camps conditions. Healthcare systems in these countries are some of the most poorly ranked by WHO. For instance, out of 191 health care systems ranked based on responsiveness, health indicators, and fairness, the WHO ranks Myanmar at 190 and Somalia at 167. Efforts are being made by WHO and national governments to increase testing capabilities and prepare national health service systems through trainings for the upcoming crisis. But these health systems will undoubtedly be overwhelmed with the expected rise in the number of cases. WHO’s guidance states that “provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene” is essential to protecting human health for infectious diseases. The focus needs to be placed on personal and community hygiene to ensure that the rate of transmission is controlled for this disease. Additionally, supply chains in these countries are fragile, and there is a is high risk of exasperating existing deficiencies in supply of basic commodities for vulnerable members of the communities including the elderly, people with disabilities, and those with pre-existing conditions.

Our Intervention:

In consultation with Muslim Aid’s (MA) country teams, a package of interventions has been designed to support the efforts by national health authorities and WHO to protect the most vulnerable members of society and ensure that spikes in cases can be managed by the promotion of sound hygiene practises. The proposed intervention below provides an outline of key initiatives MA country teams will implement. Each country team is in the process of coordinating closely with national health ministries and/or the local health cluster. These discussions will determine which outputs from the intervention design below will be implemented at different country levels.

Outcome 1: Improved hygiene and social distancing practises by targeted vulnerable communities
  • Output 1.1: Awareness raising campaign implemented on the novel coronavirus, personal hygiene practises, and the need for social distancing. This will also be implemented in the United States for newly arrived Refugees in their native languages.
    MA country teams and partners will utilise existing in-country ICE materials to promote frequent and appropriate hygiene practises through a community-based approach among vulnerable individuals, including IDPs and refugees in camp settings.
  • Output 1.2: Distribution of hygiene kits to individuals highly vulnerable to COVID-19 including the elderly, people with disabilities, people with pre-existing conditions.
    MA teams will identify vulnerable members of the community, most at risk of to the effects of COVID-19 and provide them with a hygiene kit consisting of materials necessary for protection from infection including soap, hand sanitizer, and thermometers.
Outcome 2: Improved access to basic supplies and appropriate medical services to vulnerable communities in targeted countries
  • Output 2.1: Distribution of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to medical service providers including doctors and nurses are at the forefront of this pandemic response and are at high risk of infection. Once infected, these individuals may have to stay away from work, putting further pressure on the health service system. PPE including masks, hand sanitizer and disinfectant material will be provided to health service facilities with the highest need
  • Output 2.2: Development of referral systems through.
  • Output 2.3: Unconditional Cash Transfers (UCT) to vulnerable members of the communities to 19 to counteract possible increases in prices for basics as a result of panic buying.
To counteract price hikes as a result of panic buying, MA will provide members of the community that are most susceptible to being infected by COVID-19 and those who are struggling to meet basic nutritional needs with cash transfers. Additionally, MA teams and volunteers with work with local groceries and pharmacies to help provide basic supplies to individuals whose movements may be limited during spikes in the crisis. Additionally, MA teams will advocate with local retailers to limit items purchased per individual to counteract panic buying.
 
Target beneficiaries: IDPs, Refugees, elderly, people with disabilities, people with pre-existing conditions, and low-income families.
 
Target Countries: Somalia, Sudan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Bosnia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Yemen, South Africa, the Gambia, Sierra Leonne, and Afghanistan.

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